NTP reflection attack

Published: 2013-12-27
Last Updated: 2013-12-29 16:07:13 UTC
by Basil Alawi S.Taher (Version: 1)
9 comment(s)

Symantec has notice in the last few weeks that there is a significant NTP reflection attacks. NTP is Network time protocol and it’s used to synch the time between client and server, it is a UDP protocol and it’s run on port 123.

In the NTP reflection attack the attacker send a crafted packet which request a large amount of date send to the host.

“In this case, the attackers are taking advantage of the monlist command.  Monlist is a remote command in older version of NTP that sends the requester a list of the last 600 hosts who have connected to that server.  For attackers the monlist query is a great reconnaissance tool.  For a localized NTP server it can help to build a network profile.  However, as a DDoS tool, it is even better because a small query can redirect megabytes worth of traffic:”


Here is an example of monlist request


Ntpdc –n –c monlist


  And here is the output

Or you can run a nse script which can be found at https://svn.nmap.org/nmap/scripts/ntp-monlist.nse       

And here is the packet capture of the NMAP script request:

And here is the packet capture of the response:

One way of protecting NTP server from such attack is adding


disable monitor


 To /etc/ntp.conf file

 And here is the output of the NMAP script after adding this command :


9 comment(s)

Windows Autorun Part-1

Published: 2013-12-27
Last Updated: 2013-12-27 14:26:05 UTC
by Basil Alawi S.Taher (Version: 1)
3 comment(s)

When someone suspecting that a malware activity that may exist in a system or a compromised systemone of the most obvious places to check is the startup locations .In this diary I am going to discuss some of the startup locations in Windows Systems:
1-Startup Folders:
On Windows XP systems:
C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Start Menu\Programs\Startup
C:\Documents and Settings\%UserName%\Start Menu\Programs\Startup
On Windows Vista/7/8
C:\Users\All Users\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu\Programs\Startup
C:\Users\%UserName%\Appdata\Roaming\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu\Programs\Startup

Windows Startup

When an executable file (application or batch file) is located in the All Users folder will run for any user when he/she logon, while when it's located in particular user’s folder it will run only for that  user when he/she logon.
Please note that the above locations are the default and it can be changed, I will suggest first to check the following registry keys:
On Windows XP /Windows Vista/7/8 (See figure 2):
HKCU\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\Shell Folders
HKCU\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\User Shell Folders

HKLM\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\Shell Folders
HKLM\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\User Shell Folders


3 comment(s)
ISC StormCast for Friday, December 27th 2013 http://isc.sans.edu/podcastdetail.html?id=3746
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